Difference between One day, Test match and T20
Cricket matches have become a favorite past time by people all over the world. It’s quite true that people just love the idea of watching matches on their TV or nearest big screen. It used to be that there were only 50-over one day matches but now, 20 over or T20 matches as they are commonly called have also tickled the fancy of cricket lovers. All kinds of cricket matches have the same level of excitement and frenzy for an avid cricket lover. The test matches generally extend for up to 5 days.
Numbers of Overs
One day international matches have 50 overs that are played between both cricket teams. On the other hand, the T20 matches have only 20 overs. Therefore, the time taken by a one day match can be an entire day, whereas a T20 match is finished in over 3 and half hours. The innings of every side continue for a time period of 75 minutes. It’s also not necessary that a one day international match is completed in a time period of only one day. Due to the interference of weather for example, due to rain a match can continue for a second day. The number of overs is unlimited in a test match. It just depends on the number of overs in which a cricket team is able to declare or out all the players of the other team.
One day matches have an older origin as compared to the T20 matches. The T20 match came into origin in 2003 whereas one day cricket has existed forever 3 decades now. The first one day match was played on 5th January, 1971, between England and Australia. The first T20 match was played between India and Pakistan in South Africa in the year 2007. This match was played as the inaugural match of the world twenty 20 World Cup. Test matches can be only played between those teams that have test status as per the International Cricket Council. Till now, only 10 teams have this status. The first test match was played in 1877.
Another vital difference between the T20 match and one day internationals is that in the former, the returned players don’t return to the dressing room. In fact they have a special bench assigned to them which can be seen in the playing area.
One day international matches have field restrictions because 9 players can’t be outside the fielding circle for a specific number of overs. In the T20 match, not more than five players can be present on the leg side. In one day international matches, such fielding restrictions apply to 15 overs whereas in T20 the restrictions apply to 6 overs of the game. The test cricket match does not have such restrictions.
Fitness levels-The fitness levels required in the T20 matches are quite high as compared to one day internationals and test matches. But exceptions are there, since Shane Warne who does not have such a great level of fitness has been a good performer in the IPL.
International tournaments-The T20 tournaments like the IPL are held after every two years. The same is not true for the ICC world cup which is held after every 4 years. No world cup exists for test matches.