South India vs. North India: Explore India

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Difference between South India and North India

India is known all over the world for its beautiful topography. The country is divided into two parts known as South India and North India.

South India
North India

Rates of Growth

The economic growth is much stronger in south Indian states than it is in the north Indian states. Northern India has not seen equal growth rates because some states like Delhi and Punjab have higher growth rates than the others. Although southern India didn't experience great economic growth rates immediately after independence, it stabilized its growth rates after thirty years of independence. It has higher growth rate than the national average. It has lesser income inequalities too.

Political Scenario

The political scene is also quite different in the southern states as compared to the northern states. The northern states are ruled by larger economic parties like the Congress whereas southern states are ruled by local parties. The southern regions are not as fertile as compared to the Northern regions. Although the largest contributor of this regional domestic product in these regions is agriculture, the fertility of land is not as high as that in northern India. In fact, at 1.9, the fertility in these regions is at the lowest levels.


Southern India includes different states like Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Northern India consists of a larger number of states like Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Delhi, Bihar and Chhattisgarh.


There's a vast amount of difference in the languages spoken in these regions. The languages spoken in North India consist of Indo-aryan languages. It also consists of several ethnic groups like Jats, Gujjars, Brahmins and Banjas. South India does not have such divisions as those seen in North India where Hindi and other kinds of languages like Punjabi are spoken predominantly. But, in southern India, every state has a distinct language like Tamil, Tulu, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam. Also, south Indians are not as fluent in Hindi and rely on English as a the main secondary language.


  • Difference between topography

    - If you are thinking of visiting any of these regions for exploiting the natural landscape of India, then Southern India will offer you more in terms of beaches and temples. On the other hand, Northern India has mountains in regions like Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Cuisines

    -Now, southern India also does not have much to offer in terms of cuisines. One can gorge on sea food and the typical South Indian dishes of idly and dosa. But, north India has enough to offer in terms of cuisines from mughlai, continental, italian and chinese. It has no dearth of places offering South Indian cuisines.
  • Temperature

    -The temperature in southern India is warm and humid throughout the year. But, variable weather happens in northern India where winter season extends from December to January and its warm for the rest of the year.
  • Economy

    -South India has more penetration of the IT sector whereas such penetration has still not happened in northern India.
Which is the most culturally rich region?
  • South India
  • North India

Discuss It: comments 6

  • Guest
  • Sanjay wrote on May 2010

Couldn?t be written any better. Reading this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

  • Guest
  • Manivasagan wrote on September 2011

Fertility rate is 1.9?? is it a human fertility rate you are talking about?? How does the number 1.9 relates to agriculture??

South indian dishes aren't just composed or sea food or idly/dosa. I don't think continental/italian/chinese means "north indian". Making few changes to the existing non-indian dishes to suit indian palate is no big deal in this internet age. Authentic foods from Andhra: kodi pulusu, bommidailu iguru, bendakaya iguru, gutti vankaya, tomato pappu, munakkaya sambar, aritikaya vepudu, kakarakaya fry, endu chepala pulusu, and I can list at least a 100 more recipes from Andhra itself.

I am not surprised people from "outside" not know any of this and I don't expect them to do either but when someone wants to make "generalize" statements then they must either hold a PhD or at least be an aboriginal. Sorry if it offends but its true.

  • Guest
  • amir wrote on September 2012

I can agree with most except the cuisine, where do you get "typical dishes like idli/dosa" from? Those are eaten at breakfast! not for lunch and dinner & seafood is more concentrated in coastal areas as it is fresh. Hyderabad has nizam influence & renowned for its biryani, tamil nadu/kerala/karnataka/goa also have great food. Have you never been to a hotel? There are places to get any type of food in a big city in india.

  • Guest
  • Anon User wrote on April 2013

Couldn?t be written any better. Reading this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing! Flood Restoration Services In San Diego

  • Guest
  • Human 1st wrote on December 2013

north indians of high class must respect every indian 1st, if they have any humanity and a cause of evolution, including some south indian gundas and few power addicted people, including chennai who is treating sri lanka as their own state, here i pity on indian harsh tamils. And i studied my school in different placed of east, north(mostly), west(2ndly), and south,...hope this helps, for better development and eco-friendly relationship.

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