IUI vs. IVF vs. IVM

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Difference between IUI, IVF and IVM

There are more than a few techniques of performing non-natural insemination, varying from home-based inseminations to surgical measures. There are a variety of methods to choose from and it depends on what you and your spouse decide on that matters in the end. Options covered by many insurance companies or are offered at a discount by local fertility doctors include IVF, IUI and IVM. There may be a number of reasons why women may have problems getting or staying pregnant and these reasons include symptoms that can originate with either partner.

Their Meanings

IUI means intrauterine insemination and is usually experienced by those who are having difficulties to become fertile due to many reasons. IVF means In-vitro fertilization and this is a more intrusive method which includes manipulation of the sperm and the egg. IVM means In Vitro Maturation and is aimed to become a solution for infertility problems for unstable eggs which need special attention on the road to becoming embryos. These are new and old methods of helping women become fertilized and their processes may vary a bit, the reasons for selecting between will be varied and reactions to each process also varies.

The Process

IUI is a simple process in which the catheter is inserted via the cervix and the doctor injects the sperm into the uterus in the hopes that the sperm will swim into the fallopian tubes and fertilize the egg naturally. It is not at all a painful method and takes only a few minutes. IVF requires the woman to take a combination of medicines to induce the release of several eggs in one cycle, then a medical practitioner removes all of her eggs and then introduces the sperms to eggs in a dish or injects each eggs with a sperm especially chosen from the spouse. The fertilization happens outside the body and after the egg(s) has matured into an embryo they are then inserted into the uterus of the woman in hopes of impregnating the woman. IVM is a method adopted when a woman is having problems related to the fallopian tubes because of endometriosis and therefore is not conceiving. It is almost the same as IVF process.

The Best Option

The IUI process is the least expensive option and also the least successful. However, IVF conjured a few problems during its process such as various signs such as skin breakouts, flushes and increased appetite due to the combination of medicines used to induce egg production or uterus stabilization. The cells in the IVM are immature whereas IVF uses mature eggs.


  • The method a couple chooses depends most on the diagnosis of infertility and the reasons for that diagnosis.
  • Even though these methods may be working at their best in their own area of specialization, one is bound to be better than the other based on the fertility diagnosis- usually the one that the couple can best afford.
  • IVM is a new and revised form of IVF and as it is the latest technique, it is far more advanced than the previous ones. IVM has the most chances of succeeding than IVF itself has.
  • There are no disadvantages associated with IVM and most of the results are successful in comparison to the rest of the methods than can be conducted as a counter attack to infertility.


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