India vs. China: A brief look inside

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Difference between India and China

India and China both are very popular Asian countries. But there are huge differences in the topography of both the regions along with the general structure of incomes and lifestyles. India is the second most populated country in the world while China stands at the number one position in terms of population; having a population of 1.3 billion. India also is quite small in size as compared to China. India claims the seventh largest land mass in the world. China has 22 provinces, five independent regions and four directly controlled municipalities. Macau and Hong Kong exist as highly independent special administrative regions. The capital of India is New Delhi whereas Beijing is the Chinese capital.


Forms of Government

China and India also have different governmental systems. India is the world’s largest democracy. India has 28 states and 7 union territories. It does not have any autonomous regions. However China has a single party ruling it, called the Communist Party of China. China completely introduced modernization into its agricultural and industrial sectors in the 1970s under a section of reforms known as four modernizations. It is also a major power unlike India which is yet to assume this status.

Geographic Locations

India is not a land locked country, she is surrounded by countries like Pakistan on the West, China, Bhutan and Nepal in the North, Burma and Bangladesh in the East and the Indian Ocean to the South, East and West. In the South, the islands of Sri Lanka and Maldives are present. China has 14 nations constituting its borders like Vietnam, Laos, Russia, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Burma, India, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, North Korea and Mongolia.

Advent of Technology

China has met with a higher success in the technological industries so far. It started its industrial growth in 1950s when there was a massive change in the economic policies of this country. India only gained its independence in 1947. On the other hand, India has yet to strengthen its place as a technologically strong country. China gained a place in the Four Asian Tigers group along with South Korea, Singapore and Hong Kong.


India is a secular country unlike China. All the major religions of the world like Hinduism, Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism and Islam peacefully coexist in India. Confucianism is the main religion of this country with over 50-80% of the population practicing it. On the other hand, 30% of the population follows Taoism. Chinese folk religions are also followed.


China has attained a greater success in the international sports arena, especially in the Olympics. This country has one of the most ancient sporting histories in the world. Physical fitness is emphasized even at the school levels. In the last Olympics held in Beijing, China won the largest number of gold medals. The main sports played in India are cricket and hockey. On the other hand, China has a large number of sports like basketball, tennis, football, swimming, martial arts and badminton.

Who will be the next Superpower?
  • India
  • China

Discuss It: comments 2

This mindless comparison and jingoism is not productive at all to either country. Least of all to us Chinese. We know fully well we have a GNP per Capita of only 3800US$, which is not even 1/11th of the American average. No bragging rights for us anyways!


I don't get to know why do people compare countries, cities etc. I think China, India and the rest of the Asia should work together as a Asian Union like European Union and bring all round development in all fields in all the Asian countries

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